I’ve been to Beijing Palace Museum twice, each time I have different feelings, I am deeply impressed with the momentum and large collections of historical relics of Beijing Palace Museum. Maybe because of this, for many years, I have been curious about Taipei Palace Museum and expect.
Built in 1962, Taipei Palace Museum stands at the foot of Taipei’s yangming mountain, occupies a total area of approximately 16 hectares, is a replica of Beijing Forbidden City palace built in the style design of architecture.
Taipei Palace Museum is of traditional styles of Chinese Palace Architecture, roofs are constructed with light blue glazed tiles; beige wall, decorated with marble balustrades carved with motifs of dragon and phoenix, Taipei Palace Museum’s architectural style is elegance and grace.
The collection in Taipei Palace Museum includes the essence of Qing dynasty Beijing Palace Museum, ShenYang palace Museum, Rehe Traveling Palace etc and cultural relics donated by all walks of life both at home and abroad, Taipei Palace Museum now possession of the cultural relics 600000. It can be divided into the following several kinds of accessories, calligraphy, ancient painting, inscription rubbing, brassware, jade, ceramic, ancient stationeries, carved lacquerware, enamelware, carving, embroidery, book, literature etc. Taipei Palace Museum often maintain have 5000 pieces of painting and calligraphy, cultural relic exhibited around, and regularly or irregularly held various exhibitions. Taipei Palace Museum replaces exhibits every three months.
Beijing Palace Museum and Taipei Palace Museum are combined together and therefore a complete Palace Museum. Beijing Palace Museum and Taipei Palace Museum have their characteristics, but they are all incomplete, Taipei Palace Museum there has a collection of 700, 000 items, so it is regarded as China’s cultural and art treasure-house, Beijing Palace Museum there has a collection of over 1000, 000 items, is virtually unrivaled as well.
The scholars who have moved to Taiwan think at that time, “gold and stone is really important, Ding is the symbol of the whole nation”, so they took 2382 bronze wares; Chinese scholars value calligraphy and painting, they took 5424 pieces calligraphy and paintings, including 943 pieces the song dynasty calligraphy and paintings, there is an old saying in China that Chinese gentleman will wear jade, so many jades were taken away, the part of ceramics were taken away, totaling 17934 pieces, but these heritage treasures epitomize the essences of Beijing Palace Museum.
Into the gate of Taipei Palace Museum, we can see the statue of Dr Sun Yat-sen, the 1911 revolution’s moral leader and the first president of the Chinese republic. Philanthropy is a portrayal of modern China’s founding father Sun Yat-sen’s life.
Ten greatest treasures of Taipei Palace Museum:
First, Qing dynasty: The Green Jade Cabbage
The Green Jade Cabbage has always been the superstar in Taipei Palace Museum, it is rated the No. 1 National treasure list, like meat-shaped stone, the Green Jade Cabbage is open all year round, Taipei Palace Museum dare not change the exhibits, even if many foreign museums hope the loan exhibition, Taipei Palace Museum all refuses.
The Green Jade Cabbage was jade display in the Yonghe Lamasery, the moral of Chinese cabbage is “purity and innocence.” In green leaves, carved with two katydids, wishing their family good luck in having many children.
Second, the Western Zhou Dynasty: Duke Mao Tripod
Duke Mao Tripod was found in Qishan County, Shaanxi Province around 1814 AD, in addition to its historical value, Duke Mao Tripod has a pivotal position and role in Chinese paleography and calligraphy.
Third, the Western Zhou Dynasty: San Family Plate
San Family Plate was a art treasure in the late West Zhou Dynasty, and was found in Fengxiang County, Shaanxi Province in the early years of the Qianlong Emperor’s reign, San Family Plate is famous for its longish inscription. San Family Plate along with Duke Mao Tripod, Great Yu Tripod, GuoJiZi plate called the four national treasures.
Fourth, Yan Zhenqing the Tang Dynasty: Draft of a Requiem to My Nephew
This post was originally a funeral oration draft for his nephew, his nephew, Ji Ming, was brutally murdered by An Lushan rebel army, owing to extreme grief, Yan Zhenqing mood was difficult to calm, the post error increased gradually and was altered from time to time, however, for this reason, this calligraphy work is very dignified and vigorous.
Fifth, Su-Shi the Song Dynasty: The Cold Food Observance in Huang Zhou
The Cold Food Observance, Preface of Orchid Pavilion collection by Wang Xizhi, Draft of a Requiem to My Nephew by Yan Zhenqing make up “the three big cursive handwriting” in China.
Sixth, Zhɑo Gɑn the Five Dynasties: Early Snow on the River
The full scroll “Early Snow on the River” portrays the first snowfall of rural fishing villages on the banks of the Yangtze river.
Seventh, Fan Kuan the Northern Song Dynasty: Traveling amid Mountains and Streams
Fan Kuan’s “Traveling amid Mountains and Streams” was a consummate masterpiece just after Jing ( Jing Hao) , Guan ( Guan Tong) , Li (Li Cheng) in the Wei and Jin Dynasties and later.
Eighth, Huang Kung-wang Yuan Dynasty: Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains
Huang Kung-wang is a great master in the field of painting. Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains is the masterpiece of Huang Gongwang in his late years and is considered the acme of Chinese landscape painting. It can be said that no other painters could match Huang Gongwang in terms of the influence to Chinese landscape painting history.
Ninth, Ru Kiln, the Northern Song Dynasty: Narcissus pot
Ru Kiln topped the list of five famous kilns in Song Dynasty as chosen by people. The most famous historical kiln sites were the Jun Kiln, the Ge Kiln, the Guan Kiln, the Ru Kiln and the Ding Kiln. Ru Kiln was believed to be in Linru County, Henan provinces in a long time, but the exact kilns has not been found. Ru Kiln is known for celadon ware, unique style, few celadon ware survive, we feel a greater preciousness in Linru celadon. At present, only about 70 celadon ware left in the world, Taipei Palace Museum has collected 21 celadon ware.
Tenth, Ru Kiln, the Northern Song Dynasty: lotus bowl
Ru Kiln undertook for the royal family burning chinaware’s duty during only a relatively short period from AD 1086 to AD 1106, Ru Kiln’s porcelain handed down from ancient time is very few, seen as treasures.
I'm Yuning - I'm a back-packer. I'm passionate at Food, Travel, Photography. This blog is a place where I want to share my traveling experiences.
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